While studying for a bachelor of science in computer science, students gain an education in the science, math, and theory of computing. They study programming, algorithms, computer architecture, and data structures, allowing them to qualify for work in a variety of careers after graduation. Graduates of computer science programs commonly as data scientists, in IT support roles, and as programmers.
What is a Degree in Computer Science?
Computer science programs allow students to take a deep-dive into the inner-workings of modern computer systems. By studying logic, math, computing architecture, and the history of computing, students learn how computers work from a functional perspective and understand how to build infrastructures, databases, software, and operating systems that expand the technology of computing. Students study a variety of programming languages, such as C++, Java, SQL, OpenGL, and MATLAB.
The advantage of a bachelor’s degree in computer science is that it’s a foundational degree that prepares students for nearly any job in the information technology industry. From website development to database management, system architect to software developer, graduates of computer science programs have the basic education background needed to build their education after graduation within any field that interests them. Many move on to executive leadership roles, working as CTOs and CROs.
What Courses Would I Take For a Major in Computer Science?
- Programming with C++
- Data Structures with C++
- Discrete Mathematics
- Advanced Java Programming
- Computer Architecture
- Computer Networks
- Database Management
- Operating Systems
What Jobs Can You Get with a Degree in Computer Science?
Technology jobs are growing at a rate faster than that of almost any other industry. In fact, it’s been predicted that the demand for talented and educated IT professionals will soon exceed supply, putting graduates of computer science programs in an ideal position for negotiating favorable job terms. Additionally, many employers are willing to relocate IT professionals to desirable locations in the U.S.—such as Silicon Valley—or to allow employee to work remotely from anywhere in the world.
How Long does it take?
A bachelors in Computer Science will have a typical length of 4 years in a full time schedule. That said, there are many ways to speed up the timeframe by either taking more units via online coursework, community college, or taking free classes at OnlineDegree.com that could transfer to universities in the US.
Online Computer Science Degree
Computer science bachelor degree programs are popular with many universities offering them online. Students are allowed to add a second concentration in fields as economics, business, and digital media which significantly improves their chances in the job market after graduation.
*All salary and growth data is based on the recent Bureau of Labor and Statistics data published at BLS.gov for a Computer Programmer
What Can You Do With a Computer Science Degree?
Computer science is a field of study that focuses on the computation theory and the design of software systems. Computer scientists are responsible for developing new computational methods starting from the fundamental binary language to developing supercomputers and quantum computers. They also develop systems for manipulating, storage and transfer of data. This field of study is attractive for students taking into consideration the major role that computers play in shaping our world in the information age. Graduates of computer science have a large variety of highly rewarding career opportunities in world leading companies as Intel, IBM, Google, Facebook and Microsoft.
What does a computer science student learn?
The complexity of the computing problems and technologies resulted in developing various approaches to deal with it. Courses studied in computer science programs can generally be divided into theoretical and practical disciplines. The following list shows the courses commonly studied in computer science programs:
- Computer science is mainly based on mathematical sciences. Students will have to complete advanced courses in mathematics as linear algebra, calculus, probability theory, statistics, combinatorics, discrete mathematics and differential calculus
- Computer architecture: this course introduces the basic principles underlying the design of the computer hardware including the circuits, processors and data storage elements
- Logic and computation: this course introduces the methods for writing logic sentences that can be perceived by computers including arithmetical and non-arithmetical steps
- Computer programming: it refers to designing and building computer codes that can be executed into computational results. Programming can be divided into analysis, writing algorithms, testing algorithm accuracy, evaluating resources consumption and implementing the algorithm using certain programming language.
- Programming paradigms: these are the ways to classify programming languages as functional programming and process-oriented programming
- Compilers and compiler design: a compiler is a program that translates a code written in a programming language to another language.
- Computer graphics: this branch of the science deals with the methods by which a computer generates and stores an image. Scientists try to increase the resolution of the images while minimizing the storage space it requires using more efficient formats.
- Human-computer interaction: this discipline of computer science focus on developing methods for interaction between humans and computers including input methods as the keyboard, mouse, camera, fingerprint capture and motion sensors. They also focus on making the computer interface user friendly for common people.
Now I have the computer science degree…where can I work after graduating?
The computer industry has grown massively in the last decades opening great opportunities for computer science graduates. Working as a computer scientist is an exciting career with much space for innovation and creativity. You will also have the chance to see your work leaving good impact on lives. The following is a list of career options that you may consider after earning your degree in computer science:
- Computer programmers: they work on developing codes that translate the designs provided by software designers and engineers into working reality. More talented programmers may also have the chance to develop a new programming language or a coding technology
- Hardware engineers: they work on developing the physical components of computers. They have developed technologies as touch screens, integrated cameras, new generations of processors and higher storage capacities.
- Software developers: they work on the design and developing of new programs or applications. They usually tend to use ready-made templates or available drafts for programs. The aim is to complete the task at the lowest cost and shortest time.
- Systems managers: their role is to coordinate the computer systems within organizations. They evaluate the performance of the system and recommend updates or modifications.
- Data scientists: computer scientists can use their knowledge in statistics and computation to analyze and utilize data for new applications including artificial intelligence and deep learning
- Video game developers: this is probably one of the most exciting careers in the field of computer science. Games are usually more advanced programs that uses higher computational and graphic power compared to other applications or programs
- Health information scientist: this can be considered a specialization of data scientists. It received more attention in the recent years particularly with the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic
Should I choose a computer science degree?
Computer scientists deal with huge amount of data with codes reaching millions of lines in some programs. The following skills are important for all computer scientists:
- Analytical skills: you should be able to analyze the problem within a system, network or codes with close attention to details
- Problem solving skills: you should have organized approach when dealing with the problem to reach a reasonable and efficient solution
- Critical thinking skills
- Resilience, patience and persistence
Best Jobs for Computer Science Degrees
The advantage of a bachelor’s degree in in computer science is its flexibility. Students can work in many different fields of IT. Some develop websites, applications, or software. Some go into database or systems administration. Some work their way up the ladder to take on IT Director or Chief Technology Officer roles. Some even go on to work for Google, helping refine the company’s search algorithm.
How to save time and money
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Get a Certificate in Programming First
Many—but not all—employers require a bachelor’s degree for IT-related positions. By earning a certificate in programming first, you may be able to find work with one of the employers with less strict prerequisites, gaining professional experience and an income sooner. Then, you can earn your bachelor’s degree to qualify for higher-paying or more prestigious positions, and the credits from your certificate program may even transfer to reduce the overall course load you’ll have to take.