National Avg. Salary$32,770 More Salary Data →
Job Growth Rate24.9% More Growth Data →
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Phlebotomists are the individuals who take blood from patients when needed for laboratory tests or blood donation. They work to comfort patients when they arrive, explain the process of drawing blood, collect the amount of blood needed, and properly label drawn blood for testing or donation purposes.
The following job responsibilities are common for individuals in phlebotomist roles:
- Use a needle and containers to take blood from individuals for testing purposes or for blood donation
- Comfort anxious patients by talking them through the process or suggesting relaxation techniques
- Monitor patients after blood is drawn to ensure they aren’t having an adverse reaction
- Label drawn blood for use in laboratory testing or donation
- Clean and sanitize tools to prevent the spread of disease, and dispose of needles appropriately
A Day in the Life
The job of a phlebotomist is primarily to draw blood from patients. The process of drawing blood is important for a couple of reasons. First, blood is commonly donated by individuals for use in blood transfusions for sick or injured patients in hospitals. Second, blood is used in a variety of laboratory tests to diagnose whether or not a patient is suffering from specific types of diseases or illnesses. Phlebotomists work to draw the blood needed from patients for both of these purposes.
Having blood drawn is not a pleasant experience for many individuals, so phlebotomists often need to calm patients before and after blood is drawn. They may work to explain the process to patients before blood is drawn and offer suggestions on relaxation techniques during the procedure. For example, they may recommend that nervous patients close their eyes during the process. They also monitor patients after blood is drawn to make sure they are not feeling weak or ill after blood has been removed.
Another important role of the phlebotomist is properly labeling blood after it has been removed. They must ensure that drawn blood is properly labeled with patient information in order to ensure laboratory test results are attributed to the correct patient. Additionally, they have responsibilities to properly clean and sanitize their instruments and dispose of needles used to help prevent the spread of infectious diseases that could be spread by contact with infected blood samples.
Typical Work Schedule
Phlebotomists typically work full-time schedules. Those that work in blood donation clinics and laboratories generally work during normal business hours, but those that work in hospitals may work irregular shifts. Hospital-employed phlebotomists may be required to work evenings, overnight, weekends, and holidays.
Projected Job Growth
Demand for phlebotomists is expected to increase substantially in the coming decade due to more people having health insurance. Because healthcare is more accessible, demand for individuals in all healthcare occupations is expected to grow in coming years.
Phlebotomists are commonly employed to work for hospitals, doctor’s offices, diagnostic laboratories, and donation clinics like the Red Cross.
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Phlebotomist Salary Data
We've provided you the following to learn more about this career. The salary and growth data on this page comes from recently published Bureau of Labor Statistics data while the recommendations and editorial content are based on our research.
National Annual Salary
National Hourly Wage
How do Phlebotomist salaries stack up to other jobs across the country? Based on the latest jobs data nationwide, Phlebotomist's can make an average annual salary of $32,770, or $16 per hour. This makes it an Above Average Salary. On the lower end, they can make $26,690 or $13 per hour, perhaps when just starting out or based on the state you live in.
Salary Rankings And Facts
#660 Nationally for All Careers
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How To Become
While certification is almost always required to work as a phlebotomist, some employers are willing to train aspiring phlebotomists on the job and pay for the required education in order for the phlebotomist to become certified. In these scenarios, phlebotomists may be able to find internships or entry-level positions with only a high school diploma. However, in order for an employer to be willing to train you, they typically want you to have some preexisting professional healthcare experience.
Conversely, you may be able to find work as a phlebotomist immediately by earning a certificate in phlebology from a community, trade, or vocational college. These programs usually require less than a year of study and train aspiring phlebologists how to properly draw blood, how to safely dispose of needles, and how to clean and sanitize equipment. With a certificate in phlebology from a local or online school, you should be able to find work in the field with no previous professional experience.
In some states, certification is mandated by state laws and regulations. If mandated by state, you’ll need to earn a certification by passing a written test offered by a certifying organization like the National Center for Competency Testing (NCCT), National Healthcareer Association (NHA), American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), or the American Medical Technologists (AMT). By passing the test and completing the required education, you’ll be able to work as a certified phlebotomy technician.
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Recommended Min. Degree
Programs and Degrees
Here are the most common degrees for becoming a Phlebotomist. a Certification is usually recommended and specifically a degree or coursework that prepares you for the particular field, see below.
Highest Education Among Phlebotomist
- 0.7% Doctorate
- 1.1% Masters
- 8% Bachelors
- 16.1% Associates
- 45% College
- 26.2% High School
- 2.9% Less than High School
Job Growth Projections and Forecast
2014 Total Jobs112,700
2024 Est. Jobs140,800
Job Growth Rate24.9%
Est. New Jobs28,100
How does Phlebotomist job growth stack up to other jobs across the country? By 2024, there will be a change of 28,100 jobs for a total of 140,800 people employed in the career nationwide. This is a 24.9% change in growth over the next ten years, giving the career a growth rate nationwide of Below Average.
Growth Rankings And Facts
#28 Nationally for All Careers
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