National Avg. Salary

$44,030 More Salary Data →

Job Growth Rate

16.3% More Growth Data →

Recommended Degree

Certification Programs & Degrees →

Attributes

  • Don't Take Work Home
  • Growing Industry
  • Working With People

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Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) provide basic medical care to patients in hospitals, nursing homes, and doctor’s offices. They generally work under the direction of a registered nurse or physician, and they perform tasks like taking blood pressure, inserting catheters, changing bandages, and collecting samples.

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Job Description

The following job responsibilities are common for individuals in licensed practical nurse roles:

  • Check on patients in hospitals regularly and make sure patients are comfortable and stable
  • Assist registered nurses (RNs) and doctors by performing basic tasks like taking blood pressure, measuring oxygen levels, and inserting catheters
  • Converse with patients to determine conditions, and report concerns back to RNs and doctors
  • Update patient medical records
  • Assist patients with routine tasks like changing clothes, showering, and using the restroom

A Day in the Life

Licensed practical nurses (LPNs) help care for patients by assisting registered nurses (RNs) and doctors with basic care tasks. Often, when patients are staying in hospitals, it’s LPNs that perform ongoing care. They monitor patients’ conditions throughout the day, take their blood pressure regularly, deliver medications prescribed by the doctor, and assist patients with routine tasks like changing clothes and using the restroom. They also converse with patients to identify issues to report back to doctors.

While most LPNs provide basic care, the tasks they’re able to perform is governed largely by their state of practice. Each state has its own laws and regulations that dictate the care that LPNs can administer. In some states, LPNs may be allowed to administer IVs, but in other states, IV administration must be performed by an RN or doctor. In large part, the tasks an LPN performs day-to-day depends on the tasks he/she is allowed to perform based on licensing rules and the laws of the state of practice.

Licensed practical nurses may also work to help educate patients on how to care for themselves or family members. They may help reinforce breastfeeding techniques, discuss dietary restrictions with patients suffering from a new medical condition, or teach new parents how to properly hold and care for their newborns. Often, patients have more contact with LPNs than any other medical professional during a hospital stay, so they get to know and care for their patients more closely than other roles.

Typical Work Schedule

Most LPNs work full-time hours, though part-time hours may also be available. They often work irregular shifts, such as three 12-hour days versus five 8-hour days, and those who work in hospitals often are required to work evenings, overnight, weekends, and holidays.

Projected Job Growth

Two major factors are contributing to an increased need for LPNs. First, increased access to health insurance has increased demand for medical care and professionals in recent years. Second, the large, aging Baby Boomer generation is expected to increase demand for medical professionals. Both of these factors are expected to significantly increase the number of open LPN positions in the coming decade.

Career Progression

  • Early Career: Certified Nurse Assistant (CNA), Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)
  • Mid-Career: Registered Nurse (RN)
  • Late Career: Nurse Practitioner (NP), Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA), Nurse Midwife (CNM)

Typical Employers

Most LPNs are hired to work for hospitals—both government-owned and private. Others may find work in nursing homes, assisted living facilities, with home healthcare services, or in doctors’ offices.

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Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) Salary Data

We've provided you the following to learn more about this career. The salary and growth data on this page comes from recently published Bureau of Labor Statistics data while the recommendations and editorial content are based on our research.

National Annual Salary

Low Range

$36,300

Average

$44,030

High Range

$59,510

National Hourly Wage

Low Range

$17/hr

Average

$21/hr

High Range

$29/hr

How do Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) salaries stack up to other jobs across the country? Based on the latest jobs data nationwide, Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)'s can make an average annual salary of $44,030, or $21 per hour. This makes it an Above Average Salary. On the lower end, they can make $36,300 or $17 per hour, perhaps when just starting out or based on the state you live in.

Salary Rankings And Facts

  • #468 Nationally for All Careers

What Will Your State Pay?

State Hourly Annual
California $00.000 $00.000
Texas $00.000 $00.000
Florida $00.000 $00.000
Washington $00.000 $00.000
Tennessee $00.000 $00.000

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How To Become

The first step to becoming a licensed practical nurse is earning a certificate from an accredited institution. Nursing and LPN certificate programs usually require a year of study and can be found at community, technical, and vocational colleges. In a certificate program, you’ll study nursing and biology concepts in a classroom environment, and you’ll also engage in internships where you train under a professional LPN, RN, or physician.

After completing the certificate program, you’ll need to become licensed to work as a nurse in your state. To become licensed, you need to pass the National Council Licensure Examination. With the proper certification and licensure, you should be able to find work as an LPN in hospitals and other medical facilities in your state. You may also want to expand your skillset by pursuing additional certifications in CPR, IV therapy, or gerontology.

LPNs who want to advance later in their careers are in a good position to become RNs or nurse practitioners. To become an RN, you’ll need to return to school to complete a bachelor’s degree, and nurse practitioners must have both a bachelor’s and master’s degree in nursing. In good news, the credits you earned in your LPN certificate can often be transferred and applied to reduce the number of credits you have to take to earn your bachelor’s degree if you pursue promotions later on.


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Quick Summary

  • Recommended Min. Degree

    Certification

Programs and Degrees

Here are the most common degrees for becoming a Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN). a Certification is usually recommended and specifically a degree or coursework that prepares you for the particular field, see below.

Highest Education Among Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

  • 0.4%   Doctorate
  • 0.6%   Masters
  • 4.8%   Bachelors
  • 18.7%   Associates
  • 55.4%   College
  • 18.6%   High School
  • 1.4%   Less than High School

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Job Growth Projections and Forecast

2014 Total Jobs

719,900

2024 Est. Jobs

837,200

Job Growth Rate

16.3%

Est. New Jobs

117,300

How does Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) job growth stack up to other jobs across the country? By 2024, there will be a change of 117,300 jobs for a total of 837,200 people employed in the career nationwide. This is a 16.3% change in growth over the next ten years, giving the career a growth rate nationwide of Below Average.

Growth Rankings And Facts

  • #89 Nationally for All Careers

Is There Growth in My State?


State No. of Jobs Job Growth
California 00% 00%
Texas 00% 00%
Florida 00% 00%
Nevada 00% 00%
New York 00% 00%
Chicago 00% 00%

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What Companies Employ The Most Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)s

Industry Current Jobs New Jobs Needed % Increase
Nursing care facilities (skilled nursing facilities) 212,100 13,500 14%
Offices of physicians 0000 0000 0000
General medical and surgical hospitals; private 0000 0000 0000

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